Commit 367b06e1 authored by SUSHMA THANGELLA's avatar SUSHMA THANGELLA
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Update README.md

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It is a micro controller that has memory of 128Kb.It has 9 Data pins,one analog pin.It has a microcontroller working on 3.3 Voltage.SELF CARE PLANT
SENSORS:
Soil Moisture Sensor:
Soil Moisture sensor estimates the moisture content in the soil. This sensor consists of two probes through which the current passes that estimates the resistance and indeed estimates the moisture content in the soil.In this project,the percentage moisture content was read from the sensor.The Output acquired by coding and making connections with NodeMCU is given below.
DHT Sensor:
DHT sensor estimates temperature and humidity of the sensor.It consists of a humidity sensing component, a NTC temperature sensor and an IC on the back side of the sensor. For measuring humidity they use the humidity sensing component which has two electrodes with moisture holding substrate between them.The parameters temperature and humidity was sensed and the data was dumped to NodeMCU.The output data seen on the serial monitor of arduino IDE is given below
Rain Sensor:
Rain sensor senses if it is raining or not.Rain sensors are based on the principle of total internal reflection.Data was dumped into NodeMCU.The output was observed on the serial monitor.
Relay:
Relays are switches that open and close circuits electromechanically or electronically. Relays control one electrical circuit by opening and closing contacts in another circuit.
Step 2 : Combing all the components
Data gathered from sensors and output accessed individually, is now collaborated with all sensors with the inclusion of relay and motor. Relay acts as a switch giving access to other sensors when ON.This builds the basic prototype manually handled.
Step 3 : Machine learning for Weather Prediction
Collaborating with the team of DataScience working on Rainfall prediction,watering the plant is dependent on it.Initially, the data of temperature and humidity acquired from the DHT sensor is provided to the team for rainfall prediction.The idea is plant is watered only in the absence of rainfall.
Step 4 : Monitoring the plant on portable device
To check the wellbeing of the plant,all the information regarding the plant is accessed on phones via apps.It follows through a procedure of establishing the NodeMCU having access to the Internet.
Step 5 : Image Processing
For establishing the advanced model of this project,Raspberry pi comes into the picture which allows image processing for the check of weeds and pests on the plant.
Step 6 : Water Storage
The water provided to the plant in the absence of rain has to be stored.To avoid large consumption of land for the storage of water,underground water tankers is the solution for plant getting water access.
Step 7: Inclusion of soils considering the soil moisture required for different plants.
Step 8:The power supply on a large scale can be supplied by lithium ion batteries near the DC power supply.
Step 9 : This is the training stage for checking if the plant works according to the plans of project.
CONCLUSION:
All the versions implemented above creates a self sufficient plant.Firstly,data is collected .Secondly,weather is estimated.And then,plant is watered depending on weather conditions.Monitoring is done on portable devices.This project encourages afforestation in response to reduce the global temperatue.SELF CARE PLANT
ABSTRACT:
The objective of the project is to establish a self care plant that waters itself depending on the parameters like soil moisture,temperature,humidity using NodeMCU as processor and Internet of Things technology.The system monitors different parameters like temperature, humidity, soil moisture, rain, soil pH .
Soil moisture related to water content which a factor that affects the plant growth. The process of watering plants is generally done manually regardless of the volume of water needed by plants. This project discusses about an automated prototype and a system that have the function of watering plants based on the soil moisture level. The process starts from the detection of soil moisture by the sensor. If soil moisture value is detected on certain level, then the device activates the watering. When the soil moisture detected more then that level, the device stops the watering function. If the rain is sensed the the rain sensor gets activated and motor does not operate. The motor operates automatically depending on moisture sensor and the rain sensor results in soil.Motor automatically switches between on and off stage of pumping action.
INTRODUCTION:
In this sophisticated world of Technology,flourishing vast development,one section seems paid little attention i.e horticulture.The current project focuses on the urge to resolve the burning issue :Global warming.The rise in average temperature compels the need to plant more trees.
IOT is a platform that connect all the devices to internet .IOT concept is applicable to all fields like automation,industry,electrical,healthcare.Using IOT technology,we can implement automation on plant that requires no man power but monitoring.
The basic computer that we use in this project this NodeMCU.NodeMCU includes firmware which runs on ESP8266.The major choice for opting this is because it consists of a wifi module that makes us access information on portable devices and is cost efficient.
Pre-requisite
For the implementation process of the project, that is, Self care plant the pre-requisites are:
Adequate information regarding all the components:
study and analysis of components, how the the device collects the data and gives the output
-DHT sensor
-Soil moisture sensor
-Rain sensor
-relay
-Node MCU
-motor
SCOPE OF IMPLEMENTATION:
The Future scope of this project is the section of Urbanisation.In the urbanized city,a small area assigned to plants near every vast infrastructure for the good of the world,to reduce the global temperature.It improves the scenic view and the information regarding the plants is monitored on portable devices making the user attain easy access.
WORKING MODEL:
Step 1:Accessing the data from the sensors
The sensors read the data from the elements : soil,air. The data consists of temperature, moisture, humidity, rain. Code is written to read the data and dumped in NodeMCU.
NodeMCU:
It is a micro controller that has memory of 128Kb.It has 9 Data pins,one analog pin.It has a microcontroller working on 3.3 Voltage.
SENSORS:
Soil Moisture Sensor:
Soil Moisture sensor estimates the moisture content in the soil. This sensor consists of two probes through which the current passes that estimates the resistance and indeed estimates the moisture content in the soil.In this project,the percentage moisture content was read from the sensor.The Output acquired by coding and making connections with NodeMCU is given below.
DHT Sensor:
DHT sensor estimates temperature and humidity of the sensor.It consists of a humidity sensing component, a NTC temperature sensor and an IC on the back side of the sensor. For measuring humidity they use the humidity sensing component which has two electrodes with moisture holding substrate between them.The parameters temperature and humidity was sensed and the data was dumped to NodeMCU.The output data seen on the serial monitor of arduino IDE is given below
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